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Evangelical Alliance/Courage Joint Statement

6th March 2002

Courage resigns from the Evangelical Alliance

With the greatest regret, The Evangelical Alliance today accepted the resignation of The Courage Trust from membership.

A joint statement from The Courage Trust and the Evangelical Alliance reads as follows:

‘The Courage Trust has been a member of the Alliance since 1989. It provides a significant ministry to those of a homosexual orientation.

‘Over the past few years Courage has defined and sought to pioneer a ‘New Approach’ to ministering to homosexuals. Exodus, which serves as an umbrella body for Christian organisations working in this particular field, removed Courage from membership in 2000 following Courage’s adoption of the New Approach. Following this a series of conversations took place between Courage and the Alliance, whose position on the subject of homosexuality was set out in its 1998 report, ‘Faith, Hope and Homosexuality’.

‘The issue relates to same-sex intimacy. The New Approach states that while homo-erotic sexual practices cannot be actively commended there are certain circumstances in which it would be inappropriate overtly to condemn them. In such circumstances, the New Approach holds that the acceptability or otherwise of homoerotic sexual practice should be left to people’s private judgement and conscience.

‘Courage takes the view that the Biblical condemnations and prohibitions of homosexual practice were not written with the pastoral care of Christians who are homosexual in mind. On the contrary, the passages concerned sought to confront selfish and abusive behaviour in a very different social context. Courage also argues that while the Bible is consistent in condemning homo-erotic sexual practice whenever the matter is considered, it is wrong to assume that these scriptures necessarily preclude all homo-erotic sexual practice in the context of long term committed, loving, same sex relationships, where mature partners conscientiously believe before God that this is appropriate to their relationship.

‘At a meeting of the 79-strong Evangelical Alliance Council on 14 February 2002 a Report was presented concerning Courage’s continued membership of the Alliance. The key recommendations were:

However, the Council also unanimously decided that the New Approach of Courage constitutes a step outside the parameters defined in Faith, Hope and Homosexuality, in that it refuses to take a clear position on homo-erotic practice. The Alliance and Courage have therefore mutually agreed to part company with immediate effect.’

Jeremy Marks of Courage said: ‘It is with some sadness and regret that we have tendered our resignation at the request of the Alliance. We are encouraged that the EA have made every effort to hear and understand Courage’s New Approach and sought to recognise the significant areas of agreement between Courage and the EA. However, at Courage we believe that the proclamation of the gospel is our priority, not the policing of sexual behaviour between gay people. Sadly, the message of prohibition so often trumpeted by some quarters of the Church (ourselves included in the past) has only served to alienate gay people from coming to Christ and barred those who are believers from playing a full part in Church life.

‘Though the New Approach has been developed over a number of years as a result of working at the sharp end of this much-needed area of ministry, clearly we cannot insist on remaining allied to an organisation that believes our viewpoint runs contrary to their basic beliefs on the subject. Unfortunately, whilst the EA’s stand will no doubt please many of our evangelical brethren, it will also serve to reinforce the sense of rejection of gay people by the Church. Reluctantly we have to accept that Courage’s mission has a long way to go before it can find widespread acceptance within the evangelical constituency of the Church.’

Joel Edwards, General Director of the Evangelical Alliance, commented: ‘EA remains committed to presenting the Good News about Jesus Christ. The key issue that divides Courage from the Alliance is how the Bible, which the Alliance takes to be the supreme authority for faith and conduct, should be expounded and used. We cannot accept the contention that all references to homosexuality in the Bible are in the context of abusive relationships and are therefore irrelevant in the current debate.

‘The Alliance also maintains that apparent silence on a particular issue in scripture-such as long term, loving, same sex relationships-cannot with integrity be invoked alongside private judgement and an appeal to conscience as a valid basis for permitting practices which are condemned in the Bible whenever and wherever they are mentioned.

‘At the same time we utterly repudiate homophobia and call upon churches to welcome those of a homosexual orientation as they would welcome any other person.’


Media enquiries:

Iain Taylor
Evangelical Alliance
020 7207 2117

Notes to Editors:

The Evangelical Alliance UK was founded in 1846 and today represents over one million Christians in 30 denominations. The Evangelical Alliance was a founding member of the World Evangelical Fellowship, which now has 120 member Alliances, together representing 200 million evangelicals worldwide.

An evangelical is someone who believes that Jesus is both God and man; that the Bible is the ultimate authority in all that it addresses; and that the traditional beliefs of the Church such as the physical resurrection of Jesus are true. An evangelical owns a commitment to Christ as their personal saviour and a desire to live out that faith in the community.

Relevant Bible verses (NIV)

‘Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural ones. In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with other women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed indecent acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion.’
(Romans 1: 26–27)

‘Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor homosexual offenders nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.’
(1 Corinthians 6:9–10)

Evangelical Alliance’s position on homosexuality
(outlined in Faith, Hope and Homosexuality):

  1. The Alliance affirms that monogamous heterosexual marriage is the form of partnership uniquely intended by God for full sexual relations between people
  2. We affirm God’s love and concern for all humanity, including homosexual people, but believe homoerotic sexual practice to be incompatible with his will as revealed in Scripture
  3. We call upon evangelical congregations to welcome and accept sexually active homosexual people, but to do so in the expectation that they will come in due course to see the need to change their lifestyle in accordance with biblical revelation and orthodox church teaching.
  4. We repudiate homophobia insofar as it denotes an irrational fear or hatred of homosexuals. We do not accept, however, that to reject homoerotic sexual practice on biblical grounds is in itself homophobic.

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